刘洪霞,吕功煊.甲醛催化制氢的研究进展[J].分子催化编辑部,2020,34(3):210-226
甲醛催化制氢的研究进展
Research Progress for Hydrogen Evolution from Formaldehyde
投稿时间:2020-05-11  修订日期:2020-05-22
DOI:
中文关键词:  甲醛工业生产  催化甲醛制氢  高效催化剂
英文关键词:industrial production of formaldehyde  catalytic hydrogen production from formaldehyde  active catalyst
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(No.2018YFB1502000);国家自然科学基金资助(21433007,21673262)
作者单位E-mail
刘洪霞 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 羰基合成与选择氧化国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
 
吕功煊 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 羰基合成与选择氧化国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000 gxlu@lzb.ac.cn 
摘要点击次数: 148
全文下载次数: 182
中文摘要:
      氢有较高的能量密度,其能量转换过程可循环、零污染,是未来替代传统化石燃料的理想能源载体.甲醛相较于其它的氢载体,具有可规模制备、来源广泛、安全性高、易于输运、储存和转化的特点,已逐渐成为一种新的制氢原料.此外甲醛制氢技术还可以应用于其它对环境有一定毒性的有机化合物转变为清洁的氢的过程.我们较全面的总结了甲醛的工业化制备、催化转化制氢和催化剂的研究发展历程,详细介绍了近年来在相关领域的研究成果,分析对比了各种甲醛催化制氢技术的特点,并对未来甲醛制氢的发展前景进行了展望.
英文摘要:
      Hydrogen is a high energy density carrier with renewable and zero emission characteristics. It is thought to be one of the most ideal energy carriers to replace traditional fossil fuels in the future. Compared with other hydrogen carriers, formaldehyde can be easily produced in large-scale from plant of sources, and is safety in transportation, storage and conversion. It becomes a new raw material for hydrogen production on-site. In addition, the technology of hydrogen production from formaldehyde can be also applied in the conversion oftoxic organic compounds into clean hydrogen. This article summarizes the research and development progresses of formaldehyde industrial preparation, catalytic conversion to hydrogen and catalyst investigations in recent years, analyzes and compares the characters of various technologies in formaldehyde catalytic hydrogen production. Finally, the prospect of catalytic conversion of formaldehyde to hydrogen is discusssed.
HTML  查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器