朱文闻,刘振.单原子Cr、Fe和Ni催化乙炔环三聚反应机理研究[J].分子催化编辑部,2021,35(2):158-165
单原子Cr、Fe和Ni催化乙炔环三聚反应机理研究
DFT Study on the Mechanism of Acetylene Cyclotrimerization Catalyzed by Cr, Fe, and Ni
投稿时间:2021-01-22  修订日期:2021-02-23
DOI:10.16084/j.issn1001-3555.2021.02.007
中文关键词:  DFT  乙炔环三聚  反应机理  TOF
英文关键词:DFT  acetylene cyclotrimerization  reaction mechanism  TOF
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(21304033)
作者单位E-mail
朱文闻 上海石化工业学校, 上海 201512
江苏大学 化学化工学院, 江苏 镇江 212013 
 
刘振 华东理工大学 化工学院, 上海 200237 liuzhen@ecust.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      应用密度泛函理论(DFT)研究了Cr、Fe和Ni 3种金属原子催化乙炔环三聚生成苯的反应机理.结果表明,Cr、Fe和Ni催化体系均表现出自旋翻转现象,Cr原子催化乙炔环三聚过程在自旋七重态和五重态势能面上进行,速率控制步骤为形成铬金属七元环;Fe和Ni催化体系的速率控制步骤为两分子乙炔耦合过程.Cr催化体系表现出远高于Fe和Ni催化体系的活性,是乙炔环三聚的优选催化体系.
英文摘要:
      Density functional theory (DFT) is applied to investigate the reaction mechanism of acetylene cyclotrimerization to benzene catalyzed by Cr, Fe, and Ni. Spin-crossing was calculated to be the common phenomena for both Cr, Fe and Ni catalytic systems along the reaction pathway of acetylene cyclotrimerization. The results show that acetylene cyclotrimerization catalyzed by Cr catalytic system occurs on the septet-/quintet spin surfaces. The rate-determining step is the formation of metallacycloheptane. The rate-control step of Fe and Ni catalytic systems is the formation of metallacyclopentane. The results show that Cr catalytic system exhibits much higher activity than that of the Fe and Ni catalytic systems. Therefore, Cr is a good candidate for developing a novel catalytic system for acetylene cyclotrimerization to benzene.
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