张武寿.第23届国际凝聚态核科学会议(ICCF-23)介绍[J].分子催化编辑部,2021,35(4):390-394
第23届国际凝聚态核科学会议(ICCF-23)介绍
Summaries of 23rd International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (ICCF-23)
投稿时间:2021-06-27  修订日期:2021-07-28
DOI:10.16084/j.issn1001-3555.2021.04.009
中文关键词:  凝聚态核科学  低能核反应  化学辅助核反应  超热  核嬗变
英文关键词:condensed matter nuclear science  chemically assisted nuclear reaction  low-energy nuclear reaction  excess heat  nuclear transmutation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(#21153003,20973185)
作者单位
张武寿 中国科学院化学研究所, 北京 100190 
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中文摘要:
      ICCF是凝聚态核科学研究领域最重要的系列性国际会议,ICCF-23于2021年6月9~11日在厦门大学召开,会议主席是田中群院士.共有33个国家和地区的433名代表参会,收录摘要86篇.本次会议的主要进展是多个小组在Pd(Ni)-D2O(H2O)电解体系和Pd(Ni)-D2(H2)体系中观测到超热,突破了传统上只有Pd-D和Ni-H体系才能产生超热的成见;多个小组在合金-D2(H2)体系中观测到稳定的十瓦级超热;两个小组证实氧化层在超热产生中起重要作用,纳米或介观尺寸样品明显好于体样品.多个小组观测到含氢体系在电解、气相和放电条件下的核嬗变并呈现出某种规律性.
英文摘要:
      The 23rd International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (ICCF-23) was held from June 9 to 11, 2021 at Xiamen University. A total of 433 representatives from 33 countries and areas registered, 86 abstracts were accepted. The main progress of this conference is that several groups observed excess heats in the Pd(Ni)-D2O(H2O) electrolytic system and Pd(Ni)-D2(H2) system, which breaks the traditional prejudice that only the Pd-D and Ni-H systems can work. Several groups observed stable excess heat of 10 Worder in the alloy-D2 (H2) system. Two groups confirmed that the oxide layer played an important role in the generation of excess heat. The nano-sized or meso-sized samples are significantly better than the bulk samples in production of excess heat. Several groups observed the nuclear transmutation of hydrogen-containing systems under the conditions of electrolysis, gas phase and discharge, and the transmutation modes have some regularities.
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